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日本語に訳してください!おねがいします。 The successful round-trip to space by Sputnik1 was a show of great technological progress. Novenver7, 1957, marked the 40th anniversary of Russian Revolution, the premier, Nikita khruschev, wanted to both celebrate the event and show off his country's technological superiority. Scientists rushed to build Sputnik2.this was a present to the people of the Soviet Union, so it had to be very special. This time, Sputnik would carry a passenger. The first, but it was decided that there was a more suitable animal to use. Laika, a gentle dog who had been found on the streets of Moscow, was chosen for the flight. This friendly mongrel was to be sent into space on Novenver3, 1957, aboard Sputnik2. the scientists, however, could not take care of Laika's return. They needed one more month to find a way to bring the dog back, but Mr.khruschev stubbornly insisted that the satellite had to go up on Novenver7. She flew one-way into space. After eating a poison pill, Laika was supposed to die before hunger or fire, upon reentry to the earth’s atmosphere, killed her. This is what the Soviet Union and then Russia told the world up until 2002. However, the truth then came out: Laika had died painfully of overheating and stress within four to seven hours after leaving the earth. The spaceship then traveled around our planet 2570 times during a period of 163 days before burning up in April, 1958. Poor little Laika traveled over 100000000 kilometers in her space coffin. All over the world, especially in England, animal rights groups protestant strongly against Laika’s senseless murder.


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スプートニク1号が宇宙への往復の旅に成功したことは、大きな技術的進展を示すものでした。ロシア革命40周年記念日となる、1957年11月7日、首相、ニキータ・フルシチョフは、イベントを祝って、彼の国の技術的優位を誇示したかったのです。 科学者たちは、スプートニク2号を造ろうと急ぎました。これはソビエト連邦の人々へのプレゼントであったので、それは非常に特別でなければなりませんでした。今度は、スプートニクは乗客を運ぶことになっていました。初めてのことでしたが、使うのにより適当な動物がいると決められました。 モスクワの通りで見つかったおとなしい犬のライカが、飛行のために選ばれました。スプートニク2号に乗せて、この人懐こい雑種は、1957年11月3日に宇宙に送られることになっていました。しかし、科学者たちは、ライカの復帰の面倒を見ることができませんでした。彼らは犬を戻す方法を見つけるためにもう1ヵ月を必要としました、しかし、フルシチョフ氏は衛星が11月7日に上がらなければならないと頑として主張しました。 彼女(犬)は、宇宙に片道の状態で飛んで行きました。毒薬を食べた後に、飢えまたは地球の大気への再突入と同時の火災が、犬の命を奪う前に、ライカは死ぬと思われました。これが、ソビエト連邦とそれからロシアが2002年まで世界に話していたことです。しかし、それから、真実がわかりました:ライカは、地球を去った後4~7時間以内に、過熱とストレスで苦しんで死んだのでした。それから、宇宙船は、1958年4月に燃え尽きる前に、163日の期間の間に、2570回、地球を周回しました。かわいそうな小さなライカは、彼女の宇宙棺桶の中に入ったまま100000000キロメートル以上旅したのです。世界中で、特にイギリスで、動物の権利グループは、強くライカの無意味な殺人に抗議しました。 *** November のつづりが Novenver になっている個所が多く見られました。癖になっているのかもしれません。基本的な単語ですので早いうちに治しましょう。 また、最後の文中の protestant は protested または protest ではないかと思われます。 <参考URL> http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%A9%E3%82%A4%E3%82%AB_(%E7%8A%AC)



  • 日本語訳をしてください

    題名の通りです。お願いします! In 2002, it was admitted at a conference that the temperature control system in Sputnik” had failed. Also, the spacecraft had been designed quickly and little care was given to protecting the life inside. In fact, it was said that the capsule was designed poorly to test haw long a living creature could put up with dangerous conditions. The little while dog was a victim of humankind’s selfish aims and behavior. Oleg Gazenkov, the scientist who chose and prepared Laika for the mission, had this to say: “The more time passes, the more I am sorry about it. We did not learn enough from the mission to justify murdering an animal.” The little victim not only has a plaque in her honor, but she has appeared on postage stamps in many countries in honor of her sacrifice. Chocolate and cigarette brands have been named for her. There is a memorial website for her as well. More than 50 years after her death, Laika is still one of the most famous dogs of all time.

  • 日本語訳お願いします

    When the U.S. space agency NASA finally launched the Hubble Space Telescope into orbit in 1990, astronomers throughout the world celebrated. The new telescope,considered by many to be the most sophisticated scientific instrument ever created, incorporated an enormous mirror capable of capturing light from the farthest reaches of space. The resulting images were expected to provide a glimpse into distant galaxies and yield information that could be used to reconstruct the early history of the universe. Astonishment was widespread, then, when the first pictures sent by the telescope were fuzzy and indistinct. Investigation revealed that the mirror, which had been designed with very precise specifications had a tiny manufacturing flaw. In addition to being an enormous disappointment to the scientific community, this failure dealt a serious blow to the status of NASA, which was still reeling from the tragic explosion of the space shuttle Challenger in 1986.

  • 日本語訳を! 7-(4)

    お願いします。 (12) You try to imagine what it had looked like that first season your grandfather worked here. Then it was nothing more than an empty plateau. You remember his stories of how they chose where to place he very first stones. The priests had tracked the movement of the stars in the Great Bear constellation across the night sky. Using the stars for bearings nd applying "the instrument of knowing," a simple handheld rod with a string that dropped straight to the ground, they had staked out the base. Then, in a symbolic ceremony, King Khufu himself had pointed out true north by lining up the headdress of a priestess with the star that was the hoof of the Great Bear. The calculations were so precise that thousands of years later modern scholars would discover the Great Pyramid as less than a tenth of a degree off true north. (13) The orientation was critical for the king's entrance to the afterlife. The pyramid represented his rampway to heaven. From the Pyramid Texts we learn that the pyramid was the "stairway in order to reach the heights...stairs to the sky, which are laid down for the king, that he may ascend thereon to the heavens." And your grandfather was there to see the first rock put in place.

  • 日本語訳を!

    お願いします It was sometime before one could see, the hot air escaping caused the candle to flicker, but as soon as one's eyes became accustomed to the glimmer of light the interior of the chamber gradually loomed before one, with its strange and wonderful medley of extraordinary and beautiful objects heaped upon one another. (8) The room Carter peered into was packed to the ceiling. A jumble of chests piled on top of chairs, piled on top of chariots. Statues, beds, game boards, and pottery littered the floor. Everything the king would need in the next life had been crammed into the small space. The tomb robbers must have been scared away before they could do much damage. Carter writes, "we had found the monarch's burial place intact save certain metal-robbing." (9) But what was it they had found? If this was a tomb, where was the tomb resident? There were no mummies in sight. Carter writes, "A sealed doorway between the two sentinel statues proved there was more beyond, and with the numerous cartouches bearing the name of Tut.ankh.Amen on most of the objects before us, there was little doubt that there behind was the grave of the Pharaoh." The doorway to the burial chamber had been broken into as well. Carter writes that the hole was "large enough to allow a small man to pass through, but it had been carefully reclosed, plastered, and sealed. Evidently the tomb beyond had been entered―by thieves!" Would they find King Tut?

  • 日本語訳をお願いいたします。

    The Lone Pine battlefield was named for a solitary Turkish pine that stood there at the start of the fighting; The tree was also known by the Anzac soldiers as the "Lonesome Pine", and both names are likely to have been inspired by the popular song "The Trail of the Lonesome Pine". The battlefield was situated near the centre of the eastern line of the Australian and New Zealand trenches around Anzac Cove on a rise known as "400 Plateau" that joined "Bolton's Ridge" to the south with the ridge along the east side of "Monash Valley" to the north. Being towards the southern end of the area around Anzac Cove, the terrain in the Lone Pine region was comparatively gentle and the opposing trenches were separated some distance with a flat no-man's land intervening. Due to its location relative to the beachhead and the shape of the intervening ground, Lone Pine's importance lay in the fact that its position provided a commanding view of the Australian and New Zealand rear areas. From the 400 Plateau it was possible to observe as far south as Gaba Tepe and its possession would have afforded the Ottomans the ability to place the approaches to the Second Ridge under fire, preventing the flow of reinforcements and supplies from the beachhead to the forward trenches. The main part of the Australian position at Lone Pine was centred on a feature known as "The Pimple", where a salient had developed at the point where the Australians' position was closest to the Ottoman line. To the east of the salient, opposite The Pimple, the Ottoman line extended from the head of a gully—known as "Owen's Gulley" by the Australians—south for 400 yards (370 m) towards the neck of Bolton's Ridge and continued south along a spur called "Sniper's Ridge". Because of the salient around The Pimple, the Ottomans had focused on developing the trenches along the flanks of the position more than the centre, and had placed the firing positions in the centre in depth in order to gain the advantage of being able to pour enfilade fire upon any attacking force. At the rear of the Ottoman line, near Owen's Gully, was a depression called "The Cup" that was not visible from the Australians' position on The Pimple. Despite overflights of the area by British reconnaissance aircraft in June, the Australians were unaware of The Cup's existence, and at the time of the attack they believed this area to be flat and to consist of further trench lines. In reality it was actually a reserve area where the Ottomans had established a regimental headquarters and sited a series of bivouacs in terraces and at the time of the attack there were large numbers of reinforcements camped there.

  • 日本語訳を!!12

    お願いします (1) Ptolemy XII was pharaoh of Egypt, the wealthiest country in the Mediterranean world. Ptolemy loved to party─he was called “The Flute Player” because he was so fond of music. But Ptolemy was not just a playful fellow. He was also a troublesome one, so troublesome that his own people wanted him out. They booted him from power in 58 BCE and put his eldest daughter, Berenice, on the throne instead. (2) Ptolemy fought back. He traveled to Rome and bribed the general Ptolemy to support him against Berenice. Ptolemy took troops to Egypt, defeated Berenice's supporters, and returned the playboy king to his throne. In gratitude, Ptolemy named Ptolemy as legal guardian to his eldest son. Ptolemy then gave orders for Berenice to be beheaded. (3) Who was this man who ordered his own daughter's death? (4) Ptolemy XII was actually a Greek. His long-ago ancestor, the first Ptolemy, had served as a general under Alexander the Great, who, in 331 BCE, had conquered a huge empire─including Egypt. When Alexander died, his three top generals divided the empire among themselves. The one who chose Egypt made himself its king and called himself Ptolemy I. By the time Ptolemy XII came to the throne, his family had ruled Egypt for almost 250 years. But they still spoke Greek and considered themselves part of the Greek world. (5) Although Ptolemy had executed his eldest daughter, there was another whom he especially loved─a bright, lively girl named Cleopatra VII. The king seems to have found her the most interesting of all his children. He proclaimed her a goddess when she was about four years old.

  • 日本語訳を!(16)

    お願いします (1) Today when the body of a dead boy turns up, a team of specialists is sent to the scene. By examining the body, scientists can learn a great deal about that person's life, and often the cause of death. But in 1922, when archaeologist Howard Carter found Tutankhamen, no one thought a dead body had much to tell. In fact, people had so little regard for mummies that locals used them for firewood. Archaeologists sipped their afternoon tea by the fire with human bones―even skulls―at their feet. For scientists then, it was all about the tomb. (2) When Carter uncovered the first step to an ancient sunken stairway, he knew he had discovered the entrance to a tomb. But whose? On Sunday, November 5, 1922, Carter wrote in his diary, "The seal-impressions suggested that it belonged to somebody of high standing but at that time I had not found any indications as to whom." (3) When the workmen finished clearing the stairway on Friday, November 24, Carter wrote, "reached as far as the first doorway. There proved to be sixteen steps." After examining the first doorway, Carter found "various seal impressions bearing the cartouche of Tut-ankh-Amen." He had discovered King Tut's tomb. (4) Not much is known about Tutankhamen. He had taken the throne when he was only ten years old, and guided by his advisers, had set out to restore Egypt. But his father was probably the despised Akhenaten, the king who had robbed Egypt of its gods, and so Tutankhamen was guilty by association. The kings who followed him tried to erase the whole family from history.

  • 日本語訳をお願いいたします。

    The British had by 1916 put up an effective blockade of Germany. Germany’s northern coastline was very small and any blockade was easy to enforce. Up to 1916, the German High Seas Fleet had been commanded by Admiral von Poul. He was considered to be too passive in his approach to what the German Navy could do. In 1916, von Poul was replaced by the far more aggressive Admiral Reinhardt von Scheer. He decided that the blockade had gone too far and was causing too much damage to Germany. Scheer wanted to lure out of their respective naval bases parts of the British fleet and using a combination of submarines and surface boats attack and destroy them. On the night of the 24th and 25th of April 1916, the German Navy attacked the coastal towns of Lowestoft and Yarmouth. The idea was that the British fleet would respond to this.

  • 日本語訳を!!

    お願いします (21) Augustus was a hard-working emperor. He traveled to many of the provinces under his care, but he was sickly and didn't expect to live very long. After his military campaign in Spain, Augustus returned to Rome and, in 23 BCE, became quite illand began thinking about a successor to follow him as Rome's ruler. His first choice had been his nephew Marcellus, but Marcellus had died young─not long after he had married Julia, the emperor's only daughter. (22) Julia played the key role in her father's search for a successor. After Marcellus died, she had to marry again, to a man of her father's choice. For her next husband, Augustus chose his general Agrippa, his closet friend and advisor. Although Julia was much younger than Agrippa, she dutifully married him, and the couple had five children. Then Agrippa died. (23) Although Augustus adopted his young grandsons as his heirs, he still needed a husband for Julia to protect the boys in the event of his own death. So he forced his stepson Tiberius to divorce his wife, even though Tiberius loved her very deeply. (He used to follow his former wife on the streets, weeping.) The marriage between Julia and Tiberius was a disaster: Julia was unfaithful, and Tiberius went into exile on the Greek island of Rhodes. Augustus was forced to banish his own daughter from Rome for her crime of adultery. (24) Julia must have spilled many tears over her father's marriage choices for her─especially the last one. She hated Tiberius, and he felt the same way about her. Even so, she would never have questioned her father's right to select her husbands. This was a parent's duty, especially if dad happened to rule the Roman Empire.

  • 日本語訳を!!

    お願いします (21) During his own lifetime, Cicero was known as a great statesman, orator, and man of action. But he died a bitterly disappointed man. He had failed to do what he most wanted to accomplish: to save the Roman Republic. Not even Cicero's enemies, though, could doubt his love for Rome. Plutarch, writing many years after Cicero's death, tells a story about Octavian─after he had risen to great power as the emperor Augustus Caesar. The emperor found his grandson reading a book written by Cicero. Knowing that his grandfather had agreed to let Mark Antony's soldiers murder Cicero, “The boy was afraid and tried to hide it under his gown. Augustus...took the book from him, and began to read it.... When he gave it back to his grandson, he said,‘My child, this was a learned man, and a lover of his country.’”