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英語の問題

1[ ]の動詞を適当な形に直して( )にいれなさい。 1.If I ( ) rich,I would buy the bicycle made in France.[be] 2.If I ( ) a driver's license,I could get to the airport in time.[have] 3.If he ( ) at the party,I would have taken a picture with him.[be] 4.If she ( ) me,I could have gone shopping in Shibuya with them.[call] 2各組の文がほぼ同じ意味になるように、 ( )に適当な語をいれなさい。 1. a)I don't have a piano, so I can't practice every day. b)If ( ) a piano,I ( )( ) every day. 2. a)As he doesn't drive carefully,I won't ride in his car. b)If he ( ) carefully,I ( )( ) in his car. 3. a)I wasn't with her at that time,so I couldn't help her. b)If I ( )( ) with her at that time,( )( )( ) her. 4. a)Because I told him the truph,he got angry. b)If ( )( ) him the truth,he ( )( )( ) angry. 5. a)I didn't prepare for the test,so I can't answer this question. b)If I ( )( ) for the test,I ( ) answer this question. どうしてそういう答えになるのかも 簡単に教えてくださると嬉しいです(^-^)

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noname#231624
noname#231624

仮定法過去と仮定法過去完了の問題ですね。 仮定法過去は条件節に過去形を用いることで、現在のことを仮定して言うときの表現方法です。 『もしも今、~であったら、~なのになぁ』 If+主語+動詞の過去形~, 主語+would/might/could+動詞の原形~. この形が基本です。 条件節の中の動詞が“be-動詞”である場合、主語が何であっても“were”を使いましょう。 仮定法過去完了は、条件節に過去完了形を用いることで、過去のことを仮定して言うときの表現方法です。 『もしもあの時、~であったら、~だったのになぁ』 If+主語+動詞の過去完了形(had+動詞の過去分詞形)~, 主語+would/might/could+have+動詞の過去分詞形~. この形が基本です。 たまに、ミックスバージョンになることがあります。 過去に起こっていなかったことを起こったとして、現在の状況を仮定して言う場合です。 『もしもあの時、~であったら、今頃、~なのになぁ』 If+主語+動詞の過去完了形(had+動詞の過去分詞形)~, 主語+would/might/could+動詞の原形~. これら3つのルールを覚えて、問題を解いてみてください。 今の話か、過去の話かが分かれば、解けるはずです。 がんばってくださいね!

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ありがとうございました^^

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