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英文法 主語と動詞の一致

勉強していく中でわからない問題がありました。 ( )に入るものの四択です。 1.The great collection of books ( ) now been scattered. (1)get (2)will (3)has (4)comes to 2. His knowledge of languages and international relations ( ) him a lot in his work. (1)aid (2)aids (3)are aiding (4)have aided 3.There ( ) to be more than 3.000 languages in the world. (1)are said (2)are seemed (3)is said (4)is seemed 4. At the bus stop ( ) an old woman and two young men on their way to Philadelphia. (1)were (2)was (3)is (4)has been 問題文の訳はわかるのですが、どれを選べばよいのかが全くわかりません。 自分なりに考えて、 1は(1)か(3)、 2は(3)、 3は(4)、 4は(1)か(2) ということになりました。 調べ方が悪いのかもしれませんが、用例が出てきません。 正解を教えてください。 よろしくお願いします。

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  • 英語
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  • 回答No.2
  • miknnik
  • ベストアンサー率48% (249/513)

1 (3) 2 (2) 3 (1) 4 (1) 1の主語は collection でこれは複数ではありませんし、完了形が使われているため。 2の主語は his knowledge で、選択回答中単数のものは2番のみ。 3は 3.000 languages を受けて複数にしなければなりませんが、 seem は自動詞のため受け身には使えません。 4は、An old woman and two young men on their way to Philadelphia were at the bus stop. の語順を変えたものとわかればすぐに答えが出ると思います。

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  • 回答No.1

1) (3) 2) (1) 3) (1) 4) (1) だと思います。 1)は後ろに過去分詞beenがきているので 2)は主語が複数かつ常態的なことなので進行形ではなく 3)これも主語が複数なので。ちなみにseemは自動詞なので(2),(4)のような受動態の形は取れません。 4)は倒置が発生していて主語がan old woman and two young men なのでやはり複数形の動詞を

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