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790925件中 361~380件目
  • ノコギリのノコって残ると関係ありますか

    ほかに連想される言葉が見つかりません。

    2020/03/23 11:22
  • 日本の社会における「世襲」について

     日本の社会における「世襲」について、無い知恵・知識を振り絞って考えてみました。「皇室」は、そもそも万世一系(血の継続)が、存立の大前提になっているし、「産業界」は、企業の大小を問わず、世襲の1種である持ち株が根拠にあるだろうし、農業や漁業においても、規模は別にして、「所有する土地や船舶、農地の保有や漁業を行う権利などの法に基づく権利」が世襲の根拠になっているとも考えたのですが、しかし、それ以外にも、日本の政界、芸能界、プロスポーツ界、歌舞伎などの伝統芸能界などでも、「世襲」、「世襲」、「世襲」があふれかえっており、歌舞伎のように、もともと一般人にはほとんど閉ざされた世界、政界のように、建前とは別に、一般人にはほとんど閉ざされたように感じる世界に代表されるように、「世襲」に押しつぶされそうな日本になってしまったようにも感じています。  教えていただきたいことは4点です。すべてのご回答にはこだわりません。よろしくお願いいたします。 1 上記の政界などで、「世襲」が成立するということは、受け継ぐほうにも「多少の努力」と「受け継ぐという覚悟」は必要かもしれませんが、「特別な、あるいは高度な才能・能力」は必要としない世界なのだ、と理解したのですが、この認識は正しいでしょうか??? 2 質問1の「多少の努力」と「受け継ぐという覚悟」以外に世襲を成立させるもの、支えるものはありますか???私なりに、たとえば、「幼少からの育てられる家庭環境」だとか、「幼少からの育てられ方(教育)」だとか、「地盤、看板、かばん」だとか、多少、性質は異なりますが、もう「世襲と同一」とみなしてもよいと考える「親の七光り」だとか、「コネ」だとかが思い浮かんだのですが、この事例は正しいでしょうか???それとほかに何かありますか??? 3 今の日本に「世襲」ではなく、真に「実力」という世界はあるでしょうか???あるとすれば、それは何でしょうか???例えば、「大学入試」、「公務員試験」、「司法試験」なども考えたのですが、「本当に実力の世界なのか???」と問い詰めると、「???」という事件も起きますし、「世襲」とは、性質が異なるかも知れませんが、「コネ」だとか「口利き」みたいな話も聞きます。伝統芸能というか、プロスポーツというか、「相撲」の世界は、「実力だ」という気がするのですが。あの世界にも「八百長」が問題になりますし。   4 「世襲」を受け入れる、容認する、あるいは「世襲」が発達する日本独特の「風土の特徴」、あるいは「歴史的な背景」といったようなものがあるでしょうか???なお、この質問4については、世界の他の国々と特別な違いはないと理解しておられるのであれば、ご回答の必要はありません。 

    2020/03/23 05:22
  • 哲学を粉砕するジャガーノートについて。

    溶け出す活火山。 あふれる男の溶岩噴火。 伝説の男子プリキュア キュアアイリスだ。 さて、あらかじめ前提を話しておこう。 ここは哲学カテゴリーにおける公開された学問研究の場だ。 哲学の偉人ソクラテスには、公開された場でマスタベーションを行い、自らが射精する姿から、民衆に哲学について話し合うきっかけを作ったという伝承があるそうだ。 哲学に敬意を表した実に格調ある質問なのだと、最後まで承知して読んでくれ。 文章中にいかなる内容が含まれても、君たちも哲学者であるプライドを崩壊させてはいけない。 さて、心の琴線に敏感な私は、時折女性から視線で強姦される。 そうしたのち、くさくさした気持ちを和らげるためにマスタベーションすると3分ほどで射精する。 しかし子供の相手を生涯仕事にしている私は、生殖行為とは命のためにあるのだと、下半身に常に翻弄される普通の男性と違い、そうした行いを特別に深くかみしめる女性への誠実さと、子供へのやさしさにあふれている。 私の身体能力では、マスタベーション上の実測時で通常平均戦闘力は40分から90分だ。 90分?何の話か想像力を膨らませるために説明しよう。 大艦巨砲主義の武装自体は90分でも波動砲を発射しないことがある、しかしだ興奮状態での心臓の限界が90分でそこでドクターストップをかけ臨界を阻止するんだ。 朝、年老いた母が寝坊した私を気にかけて部屋を訪れオチンチンを握りしめたまま笑顔で大往生した姿の第一発見者になると、心臓麻痺が2人になってしまう。 世の中にはがん保険はあるが、腹上死保険は無いために自衛しないといけないんだよ。 お嬢さん方向けに初心者としてお手伝いする男性は3分だ。 攻略の難易度は低い。 円熟した男性の平均は10分が合格点で、15分くらいだと男性として相当な自信が持てて、実際に女性にもてるらしい。 私には、全員オリンピック出場級の単距離ランナーに思えるよ。 私にも過去にお互いを確信しあった女性はいた。 しかしこの特異な体質は、暗黙の合意の圏外にあり、しかも健康に著しい危険が起こりうるので、決心がついたなら打ち明けないわけにはいかないんだよ。 この健康問題の打ち合わせを持ち掛けた女性は全員逃げた。 90分というのは、フルマラソン級に体力を消耗する。 私はそのフルマラソンを一晩に4回挑戦できるんだよね。 そういうわけで私は哲学チェリーであり、前人未到の新記録樹立に挑戦したことがない。 さて、哲学の場とは、男同士が男を磨く熱き闘技場「クラブ ヴァルハラ」だ。 この男バトルに過去に女性が参加したことがあって、女性に好意を持つと私は限りなく「俺の子を産め」に近い言い回しをする癖があるので、ごく正直に哲学の心得を説明した。 この女性に対する「哲学チェリー像」の紹介は、戦場において「哲学のジャガーノート」として機能した。 この闘技場では、とにかくなにがなんでも、気に入らないことは食い下がる。 屁理屈の類は何でもありでひたすら争いを続ける。 荒廃したヴァルハラだ。 私は特に喧嘩を売られやすい。 しかしだ、哲学のジャガーノートにはすべてがひれ伏した。 その後 私に無駄な抵抗をする無謀な勇者は見かけなくなった。 哲人への畏怖というのは、このような根源的な衝動が最も明快で、今までの不毛な話し合いは何だったのか拍子抜けだったよ。 さて、この圧倒的なジャガーノートの制圧効果は太古から利用された決戦兵器のようだ。 もっとも克明に証明しているのは、キリスト教だよ。 「愛こそすべてだ~!」「愛こそが唯一の真」これらの戦術は相手の反論を抑えるために有効であり、したがってキリストの伝道師の旗印であり、ジャガーノートとして使用するご神体に収まった。 アマテラス神学上で、「絆」「友情」などと比較して論理においては間違った根拠ではないことは、他の研究で説明した。 その伝説の起源が新約聖書であり、それは現在も有効な神話の書であるが、日本ではミカエル配下のザビエルがこのジャガーノートこそキリスト教の真髄だと歴史時代に日本で説明して回り、信用できる歴史資料は日本国内に豊富だ。 日本人は確かにジャガーノートに驚愕した。 そして大笑いしたんだよ。 論述は以上で、哲学とは既存の命題に取り組み以外に、自分で命題を作成する研究手法があります。 後者に属する質問でして、今回は決算期にふさわしい一大謝恩セールのような質問で、突っ込みどころ満載でどこを使っても大笑いですから、好きなように楽しんで、あなたのお考えをお聞かせください。

    2020/03/22 23:47
  • 【アメリカの疾病予防管理センター(CDC)の上位機

    【アメリカの疾病予防管理センター(CDC)の上位機関って国立衛生研究所(NIH)ですか?】 全くの別組織で新型コロナウイルスの研究をNIHはしていないのですか?

    2020/03/22 22:19
  • アニメの評論や感想の存在意義とは?

    アニメの評論や感想の存在意義とは? 哲学カテゴリー皆さまの ご回答のほど、 お待ちしております。

    2020/03/22 22:10
  • 香川県がゲーム時間を1時間以内とする。という法令を

    香川県がゲーム時間を1時間以内とする。という法令を定めたそうですが、これで何らかの効果があると思いますか? 昔テレビの見すぎは「悪」だとする理論と同じてしょうか? 個人的にはゲーム制限してもしなくても出来上がる人間はそれ程には差がないように思ってます。自由時間が増えた時に歯止めがきかなくなり大人のゲーム中毒が増えるのではないのか?と思います。 現代ではゲームって子供の遊びというよりも、大人のゲームも多いのではないかなと思ってます。 皆さんはどう思っていますか?

    2020/03/22 22:03
  • ★新型コロナとトロッコ問題

    イタリア北部ではパンデミックが発生し、呼吸困難に陥った重症患者が次から次へと病院に運び込まれて病院がパンク状態に陥っているそうです。 そうした中、病院内では若い患者が優先的にICUに運び込まれ集中治療を行うトリアージ(患者の選別)が行われており、高齢患者は鎮静剤を投与され廊下に放置されそのまま亡くなるケースが出ているようです 若い患者は高齢患者に比べて回復が早いため、若者の治療を優先することでICUや人工呼吸器の回転率を高めてより多くの患者を救おうとする思想なのですが、医者が意図的に高齢者を殺しているという言い方もできます。 トロッコ問題で言えばイタリアは5人を救うために1人を轢き殺す方法を選んだということです。 実利主義的に見ればイタリアの選択は正しいということになりますが 道徳義務的に見れば「選別してはならない」が正解になります 無宗教の日本人は道徳観念が薄いので実利主義が多いのかなと思いつつ みなさんはイタリアの選択についてどう思いますか?

    2020/03/22 21:55
  • 【フォフホルツ継電器でガス量が分かるのはなぜですか

    【フォフホルツ継電器でガス量が分かるのはなぜですか?】どういう仕組みですか?

    2020/03/22 21:15
  • 【機器制御番号】機器の振動の急変を検出する継電器の

    【機器制御番号】機器の振動の急変を検出する継電器の制御番号を教えて下さい

    2020/03/22 21:13
  • 【LED電球の不思議】USB接続のLED電球を買い

    【LED電球の不思議】USB接続のLED電球を買いました。 モバイルバッテリーは1A出力と2A出力の2口あって消費電力量を節約するときは1A、明るい光量が必要なときは一時的に2Aを刺して使おうと思って、まず1Aに刺したらまあ明るい。 感動して2Aに刺したら倍の明るさになるのか?!と期待してワクワクして刺したら、なんと、2Aの方が1Aのときより暗くなったのです!! なんでですか?

    2020/03/22 20:47
  • 積分の発散のオーダーを知りたいです。

    以下に定義される3重積分S(b)において、b→∞としたときのS(b)の発散のオーダーを求めよ。 S(b)=∫{-1→1}dz∫{a→b}dy∫{a→b}h(x, y, z)dx, ただし、a>0, b>0. ここに、h(x, y, z)=x^2y^2/{f(x)f(y)}(1/g(x)+g(y))^2(x^2+y^2)/{L(x, y, z)^2(x^2+y^2+2xyz+m^2)^(3/2)}. f(x)=√(x^2+c^2), c>0, g(x)=√(x^2+m^2)-m+f(x), m>0, L(x, y, z)=√(x^2+y^2+2xyz+m^2)-m+f(x)+f(y) である。

    2020/03/22 20:41
  • 非線形微分方程式の数値シミュレーション

    ある非線形微分方程式の安定固定点を数値シミュレーションで調べています.その非線形微分方程式にはa,b,c,d,e,fの6つの無次元パラメータが存在します. これらのパラメータのうち,a>50であることが安定固定点の必要条件であることを証明するためには,a>50以外のすべてのパラメータ条件において数値シミュレーションを実行してその結果のすべてが不安定固定点であることを示した上で,a>50の場合のすべてのパラメータ条件においてシミュレーションを実行して安定固定点が存在することを確かめる,という方法しかないのでしょうか? 無次元パラメータがa~fの6つもあり,それぞれのパラメータa~fの取りうる範囲は0から1刻みで100まであるため,すべてのパラメータ条件を数値シミュレーションするには時間が掛かりすぎます.(例えば,もし,微分方程式の無次元パラメータがaとbの2つのみであれば,100x100=10000,つまり10000通りのシミュレーションをすればよいのですが,6つだと100^6のシミュレーションが必要になり,時間が掛かりすぎてしまいます.) もっと短時間で,「a>50であることが安定固定点の必要条件である」ことを証明する方法はないでしょうか? よろしくお願いします.

    2020/03/22 19:39
  • 英文を和文翻訳してください。

    Air reconnaissance observed huge numbers of French guns and troops arriving at Doullens station, which showed that the French offensive would continue. A counter-attack to capture Ecurie, to disrupt the French artillery effort was considered and rejected due to the shortage of troops. Only at Neuville could troops assemble unseen and have good artillery observation. The 15th Division (Major-General Vollbrecht) at Neuville, was reinforced with troops from the 115th Division and attacked at 8:30 p.m. on 22 May; despite a 1st Trench Mortar Battalion bombardment and flame thrower support, the attack was a costly failure. To the south, the defence of the Labyrnthe continued, with frequent attacks to recover the first position in the centre, to relieve the right flank, which had been enveloped on three sides but without which Neuville could not be held. Bavarian Reserve Infantry Brigade 2 managed to assemble troops for a counter-attack towards the Lossow-Arkaden and advanced for about 160 yd (150 m) before being repulsed. French attacks in the opposite direction up to six times each day also failed, except for some ground on the Thélus road on the evening of 11 May. German reinforcements which had just arrived, were rushed forward to block the French advance on Thélus. The British attacked on the night of 15/16 May, south of Neuve Chapelle and by 20 May, had advanced 1.9 mi (3 km) and drawn in German reinforcements, which were able to defeat British attacks from 20–21 May over the Estaires–La Bassée road. The French offensive had severely eroded the 6th Army, which had used up all the fresh units sent from the OHL reserve in France. The 2nd Guard Reserve Division was diverted to VII Corps opposite the British and units worn out by the French supporting attacks beyond Artois were needed, before they had been rested. Only the tired 111th Division, 123rd Division and 8th Bavarian Reserve Division remained in the OHL reserve. Artillery reinforcements increased the firepower of the 6th Army, from 100 heavy howitzers and 74 heavy guns to 209 heavy howitzers and 98 heavy guns by 22 May, with plenty of ammunition. From 9–19 May, the 6th Army had fired 508,000 field artillery and 105,000 heavy shells. On 19 May, Krafft von Delmensingen, the 6th Army Chief of Staff, was replaced by Colonel von Wenge and sent to Italy with the new Alpenkorps. At the Lorette Spur, the 117th Division was sent forward to relieve the 28th Division on 18 May, from the Schlammulde (Muddy Hollow) to Ablain and the south end of Souchez. Most of the trenches had been demolished and those near the river were 2 ft (0.61 m) deep in water.

    2020/03/22 19:01
  • 英文を日本語にしてください。

    Most of Ablain had been captured but French attempts to advance further, had been repulsed in mutually costly fighting and a lull occurred, except for a small French attack at Neuville during the day. Rupprecht rated the 29th Division as worn out, the condition of the 28th Division as not much better and the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division as exhausted. The 1st Bavarian Reserve Division, 58th and 115th divisions were severely damaged and c. 20,000 casualties had been incurred from 9–13 May. Rupprecht requested more reinforcements to replace all of the worn-out divisions and Falkenhayn began to strip more units from the Western Front. Falkenhayn also appointed General Ewald von Lochow, the III Corps commander to control the units being sent to the 6th Army. The 117th Division began to relieve the 28th Division on the night of 13/14 May and the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division remnants were relieved during the day. General Julius Riemann the VIII Corps commander, took over the 16th, 58th, 115th and part of the 15th divisions from Souchez to Neuville. The reinforcement of the 6th Army had drained the OHL reserve and further claims by Rupprecht were refused, which led him to complain to the Kaiser. North of the Lorette Spur and in the area of the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division, most of the old front line was intact. North of the Carency stream, XIV Corps held parts of the front line in Schlammulde, along Barrikadenweg (Barricade Way) and the east end of Ablain. South of the stream, the line was held by a mixture of the 58th and 115th divisions, the remnants of the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division and a regiment of the 52nd Reserve Infantry Brigade. In reserve, the 16th Division (Lieutenant-General Fuchs) was ready to move into line from Souchez to Hill 123 on a 1.2 mi (2 km) front, the 15th Division and the new 1st Trench Mortar Battalion had arrived in the 6th Army area. Lochow took over from 14 May to 12 June and continued to reorganise mingled units and withdraw tired troops into reserve. Artillery command in each area was centralised for barrage fire, counter-battery bombardments and flanking fire into other areas. The 5th Bavarian Reserve and 58th divisions were relieved by the 16th Division and three corps sectors established, XIV Corps on the right with the 117th Division and 85th Reserve Brigade, VIII Corps with the 115th and 58th divisions from the Carency stream to the Arras–Lens road and the 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps, with the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division and 52nd Infantry Brigade, from the road to the Scarpe river. Lochow planned a counter-attack by XIV Corps to regain the commanding ground of the Lorette Spur, from 15 to 17 May and succeeded only in exhausting the 117th Division, which had to be withdrawn.

    2020/03/22 18:58
  • 英文を和文にしてください。

    A captured order showed that the French were making a maximum effort to break through; a regiment of the 117th Division was made available to the 6th Army as a precaution and part of the 58th Division was moved closer to the 28th Division on the Lorette Spur. On 11 May, Rupprecht was ordered by Falkenhayn not to retire under any circumstances, with the discretion to achieve this by attack or defence and replied that a counter-attack was not feasible. Next day, two regiments of the 117th Division were added to I Bavarian Reserve Corps to protect Neuville and reinforcements arriving to re-establish the OHL reserve behind the 6th Army were taken over; part of the 15th Division was sent to Douai as a new OHL reserve and Falkenhayn suggested that a special headquarters be set up to co-ordinate counter-attacks. On 13 June, Rupprecht repeated his orders to XIV Corps to hold Carency and Haenisch sent pioneers to dig a reserve trench behind the left flank of the 28th Division. French pressure on the Lorette Spur had eased and a regiment of the 58th Division retook trenches on the northern slope. No counter-attack was possible at Carency and the I Bavarian Reserve Corps concentrated on holding the line from Souchez to Neuville and St. Laurent, which was attacked again during the afternoon. Gaps either side of Hill 123 were closed by counter-attacks but a gap between a depression known as Artilleriemulde, north of the Lorette Spur and Souchez could not be closed and Carency was almost surrounded. The defences to the west and south had been lost on 9 May and constant French attacks slowly overwhelmed the defenders. At 9:00 a.m. on 12 May, a French bombardment of 23,000 shells fell on the remaining German positions to the north of the village. The survivors were cut off and the village captured over the next two days. French attacks in the north began to diminish on 13 May, as rain storms turned the battlefield into a swamp but at 2:00 p.m. on 15 May a hurricane bombardment fell on Souchez until 6:00 p.m. but no infantry attack followed the bombardment. Late on 12 May Rupprecht created Armee–Gruppe Fasbender to control the units in the areas of the XIV and I Bavarian Reserve corps, to hold the existing positions and establish a defence line from Carency and Neuville. A counter-attack at the cemetery south of Souchez but failed without support from the Carency area, where a French attack at dusk had captured the village. The defeat threatened the rest of the German line, Haenish ordered an immediate bombardment of the village and the 28th Division to dig a new line, from the Lorette Spur to the Ablain church and Souchez. A battalion of the 117th Division was sent to the 28th Division and a 16th Division regiment was moved to Lens as a replacement. By 13 June, the right flank of the 28th Division still held the northern slope of the Lorette Spur, the line either side of the Lorette Chapel had been lost from the Schlammulde (Muddy Hollow) to the Ablain track.

    2020/03/22 18:56
  • 下の英文を翻訳してください。

    The French were pushed back from the heights of Hill 145 and Hill 119 (the Pimple) by 1:00 p.m. At the east end of the Lorette Spur the 28th Division was forced out of the first position. By afternoon, the left flank of XIV Corps had been uncovered near Carency. Rupprecht intended to use the remnants of the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division and the 115th Division to counter-attack and regain the lost positions. Instead, the 115th Division was sent to defend the right flank of the I Bavarian Reserve Corps and the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division was found to be too depleted to attack. Troops managed to counter-attack at Souchez and retook some ground, before being stopped by massed French artillery-fire around 8:00 p.m. By evening, Rupprecht knew that twelve French divisions had attacked four German divisions but believed that the French could be driven back. OHL sent the 117th Division to Douai and Rupprecht subordinated two regiments of the 58th Division to the I Bavarian Reserve Corps, for the counter-attack at Souchez. Artillery was sent to the east of Vimy Ridge, to support the attack. During the night, a French attack captured the front trenches astride the Béthune–Lens road and Lieutenant-General von Haenisch sent the last corps reserve to the 29th Division (Lieutenant-General Isbert); a counter-attack in the morning recovered the trenches. To the south-west of Carency, the trench to Souchez was lost, which left Carency almost surrounded. Rupprecht and Haenisch planned to counter-attack from Souchez to Neuville, with the I Bavarian Reserve Corps and the 58th and 115th divisions, rather than retire. At 4:00 p.m. French attacks began on the Lorette Spur and at Carency but were not able to push back the defenders. At 7:00 p.m., the 58th Division began the German counter-attack, with parts of the 115th Division to the south and at first made good progress, before being stopped by French defensive fire. The 28th Division headquarters began to fear that the line between Ablain and Carency would fall. On 10 May, the I Bavarian Reserve Division managed to retain its positions despite French attacks, particularly at Neuville on the right flank but several counter-attacks supported by parts of IV Corps and the 115th Division, recovered only small parts of the village. Next day, Fasbender doubted that the line from Ablain to Carency could be held and asked for more reinforcements. Falkenhayn released the 117th Division (General Kuntze) and sent the VIII Corps headquarters with the 16th Division to Douai as a replacement OHL reserve. To avoid a retirement, which would lead to the loss of the Lorette Spur, Rupprecht met the corps commanders and issued a standfast order, encouraged by the quietude of the French during the morning of 11 May. French attacks in the afternoon were poorly co-ordinated and repulsed with many casualties.

    2020/03/22 18:54
  • 英文和訳をお願いします。

    French artillery bombarded the German lines overnight and then abated until 6:00 a.m. when a bombardment, slowly increasing in intensity began on the fronts of VII, XIV and I Bavarian Reserve corps, which from mid-morning reached the extent of Trommelfeuer. Lulls in the fire were ruses to prompt German infantry to emerge from shelter, only to be caught in more Trommelfeuer; the German artillery reply was sparse. The French infantry assembled unseen and the advance began after several mines were sprung, obtaining a measure of surprise. The main French attack was received at 11:00 a.m. on the left of XIV Corps and against I Bavarian Reserve Corps, from Lens to Arras, as a second attack began against the centre of XIV Corps along the Béthune–Lens road, which was repulsed by a counter-attack. The 28th Division on the Lorette Spur, was forced out of the front trenches, with many losses and in the evening a battalion of Jäger was sent forward. Further south, the villages of Ablain-St. Nazaire (Ablain) and Carency were held against determined French attacks. By noon 2.5 mi (4 km) of the German front defences had fallen and the French had penetrated up to a depth of 1.9 mi (3 km). In the I Bavarian Reserve Corps area (General Karl von Fasbender), the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division (General Kress von Kressenstein) south of Carency, was pushed back to a line from Cabaret Rouge to Neuville-St. Vaast (Neuville) and French troops advanced as far as artillery positions around Givenchy-en-Gohelle (Givenchy), where reinforcements arrived at noon and managed to forestall a new French attack. To the south, the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division (Lieutenant-General Göringer) managed to repulse the French in hand-to-hand fighting and then enfilade the French further north, who had broken through at La Targette. Crown Prince Rupprecht applied to Falkenhayn, for the two divisions in OHL reserve and the 115th Division (Major-General von Kleist) was moved behind the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division. The 58th Division (Lieutenant-General von Gersdorf) went into the 6th Army reserve and closed up to Lens, as artillery also released from the OHL reserve came forward. On the southern flank of the breakthrough, French attacks were also pushing slowly through the network of trenches known as the Labyrnthe. North of Ecurie, Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 12 took over more ground to the north and prevented the French from widening the breakthrough and in Neuville St. Vaast a counter-attack by a battalion of Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 10 retook the east end of the village and many of the field guns which had been lost earlier. A defence line was improvised between Neuville and La Folie to the north and was used to engage the French troops further north with flanking fire. Bavarian Infantry Regiment 7 was rushed up from reserve to counter-attack the French on Vimy Ridge.

    2020/03/22 18:52
  • 「彼らは今結婚して10年です」を英語で言うと

    They have been married for ten years now. のように継続の現在完了の文の最後にnowを付けることはできますか?

    2020/03/22 18:51
  • 英文を日本語に翻訳してください。

    In the Second Action of Givenchy (15–16 June), IV Corps of the British First Army, attacked north-west of La Bassée with the 7th, 51st and Canadian divisions after a 60-hour bombardment, in which an attempt to alleviate an acute ammunition shortage was made by relying on artillery observation and tactical reconnaissance by reinforced RFC squadrons. No covering fire was available for the attack and the German defenders were seen to have manned the front line before the advance began. The Germans opened massed small-arms fire but were not able to prevent the British from entering the German front trench, where a bombing fight began. German infantry were well-supplied with hand grenades but the British were isolated by cross-fire along no man's land and were pushed back as they ran out of ammunition, the last troops retiring at 4:00 a.m. A new attack on 15 June, using all of the artillery ammunition left was delayed by thick mist and the difficulty in reorganising the infantry but went ahead at 4:45 p.m. and took the German front line. The advance was stopped until the line was consolidated but the British and Canadian troops who had not been pinned down in their own trenches were forced back by a German counter-attack at 8:00 p.m. after which further attacks were cancelled. The British Second Army conducted the First Attack on Bellewaarde on 16 June with the 3rd Division, which took the German first line easily at 4:15 a.m. The second and third waves rushed forward and ran into the British bombardment, which was not seen by the gunners due to the amount of mist and smoke created by the bombardment. The British still managed to reach the German second line and three German counter-attacks had only managed to push the 3rd Division back to the first line, when the British ran short of ammunition. Support from a brigade of the 14th Division to exploit the success, was delayed by German artillery-fire and fewer than two battalions of the 3rd Division managed to advance at 3:30 p.m., up a flat open slope and were repulsed with many casualties. At 6:00 p.m. the German front trench from Menin road to Railway Wood was consolidated, which was short of Bellewaarde ridge and the German observation posts along it. Joffre criticised British "inaction", which enabled the Germans to concentrate resources against the Tenth Army. The British First Army attacked in the Battle of Aubers Ridge, in support of the French offensive further south. North of La Bassée Canal, British artillery fire increased against the II Bavarian and XIX Saxon corps and at 6:00 a.m., an attack began against the 6th Bavarian Reserve Division and broke into the first line north of Fromelles. Fighting continued into the evening, when the trenches were recaptured. More British attacks occurred at Richbourg l'Avoué and at times penetrated to the German first line before being repulsed. Little ground was captured, none was held against German counter-attacks and German troops were soon sent south to reinforce the Arras front.

    2020/03/22 18:51
  • 次の英文を訳して下さい。

    The 159th Regiment advanced over a hillock, met uncut wire and massed fire from small arms and artillery, out of view of the French front line. The 97th Regiment captured Souchez cemetery with few casualties but the repulse of the 159th Regiment uncovered the flanks of the 97th Regiment and the adjacent DM, which made an attack on Souchez village impossible. An attack by the 159th Regiment at 4:00 p.m. was also stopped immediately by German return fire. In the XXI Corps area, the 70th Division was bombarded by German artillery as the attack began, in response to flares sent up from the German front line. The 42nd BCP took part of Château Carleul against determined German resistance but then stopped to maintain contact with the 77th Division to the right. The 360th and 237th regiments were met by a wall of fire and were not able to advance, except on the far left flank, where the 13th Division had managed to push forward for 160 yd (150 m). The 48th Division on the northern flank of XXI Corps, advanced for about 0.62 mi (1 km) and took its initial objectives in 25 minutes, in a costly attack. At zero hour, the 43rd Division on the left of XXI Corps, blew a mine under the German defences opposite and rushed the crater with few losses, before the Germans could counter-attack. D'Urbal ordered the attack to continue on 17 June, on the fronts of the 77th Division and IX Corps on either flank of XXXIII Corps, where the most advanced positions of the DM had become untenable. The attack was ordered for 4:00 p.m. and then postponed, leading to some units attacking too early, being pinned down in front of uncut wire and then being bombarded by French as well as German artillery. The 70th Division and the XXI Corps divisions on the northern flank, took several German positions in costly attacks but the IX Corps attack on the southern flank was deluged with artillery and machine-gun fire and made no progress. On 18 June d'Urbal concentrated the remaining offensive capacity of the Tenth Army against Vimy Ridge. IX Corps was ordered to ignore the German defences in Neuville but General Balfourier the XX Corps commander, refused to attack with the northern flank unsupported. The attack on 18 June was another failure, in which French infantry were again confronted by German positions on reverse slopes, invisible to ground observation and undamaged, with uncut wire and alert defenders, who inflicted many casualties on the attackers. Foch suspended the offensive but d'Urbal reverted to piecemeal attacks for another week until Joffre intervened and ended the offensive.

    2020/03/22 18:49

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