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787896件中 201~220件目
  • 国際問題 指定校推薦

    明日指定校推薦の面接があります。 おそらく国際問題を聞かれると思います。 ですが私はあまり答えられる自信がありません。 もし聞かれたら、日韓問題について答えようと思っています。 "日韓問題のどのような点が問題だと思いますか?"などと聞かれた場合なんと答えればよいのでしょうか? なにが問題といわれるとなにを答えたらいいのかわからないです。

    2019/11/29 17:31
  • 希ガスは他の元素と反応しにくい性質を持つのは、何故

    希ガスは他の元素と反応しにくい性質を持つのは、何故でしょうか?

    2019/11/29 16:28
  • 時制の一致がよくわかりません

    ジムは早く家に帰ってくるという約束を守った。 Jim kept his promise to come home early. なぜkeptは過去形なのにcomeが現在形なのか分かりません 解説お願いします。

    2019/11/29 16:21
  • 模試の偏差値

    河合塾のマーク模試で7割取れません。志望校は、全体で7割後半点数をとらなきゃならんのです。河合の記述だとb判定になるのですがマークだとd判定になってしまいます。個人的には、時間が足りないからとおもってるんですが、7割取れる人は、どうしてそんなにとれるんですか?できれば地理と英語と数学と理科基礎の対策方法をおしえてください。ちなみに文系です記述だと数学は点数取れるんですが…

    2019/11/29 16:20
  • 都心の一等地に何故大使館があるのですか?

    都心の一等地に何故大使館があるのですか? 元大名屋敷じゃないですか? 勿体ない!

    2019/11/29 15:46
  • 従事を表すoverについて

    (1)overには従事(~をしながら)を表す用法があり、私の電子辞書には「普通、話す・眠るなどの動詞と共に用いられる」とありました。 実際私の周りにある本や辞書を見ると、 sleep・fall asleep・discuss・talk・chatを使った例文がありました。「話す・眠る」以外になにか例があるでしょうか? (2)「5文型で話せる音読英会話」(晴山陽一著)の25頁に現在分詞を使った第2文型の例として I dressed eating my breakefast. They stayed drinking until late. 等が記載されておりました。 疑問1 これらはoverを使った文に出来ないのでしょうか 疑問2 第2文型と言えばbe動詞や「見える」「感じる」等の動詞を使い、S=Cの関係がある … 。と言うのが私の現在の理解。それで上記の例文ではどうしても第1文型に感じられてしまうのですが … 。 以上宜しくご教授下さい。

    2019/11/29 14:35
  • 電信の中継方法

    明治初期の話です 「通信の世紀」という本の中で岩倉具視使節団のことが触れられています サンフランシスコに到着した岩倉使節団は本国に到着の電報を打ちました。 当時は大西洋のケーブルを利用、ヨーロッパからアジアを通り、開通したばかりの上海ー長崎間の海底ケーブルにて長崎にに到着するまで1日かかったといいます。 ところが、長崎から東京までは「飛脚」を利用したので、10日間かかったといいます。 世界の流れに追いつこうとする日本の現状を知るうえで象徴的な話だと思いました。 ところで、いくら地球を半周以上するほどの距離であっても1日もかかるということが疑問に思いました。 電線の中を通る電気は確かに光速ではありません それにしてもこれほどの時間がかかるのはなぜか? と思ったのです 想像ですが、当時は真空管がありませんから、増幅したり、記録したりということができなかったと考えれば、中継方法がカギになるのでは? 中継所に届いた電文を紙に記録し、それを手動で、次の中継所に送る もし、この方法を繰り返していたのであれば、1日という時間は納得できると思ったのです。 どなたか実際の方法をご存じの方いませんか

    2019/11/29 12:20
  • 十手

    TVなど観てますと十手で刀を持つた浪人を取り押さえるシーンなどありますが、江戸時代に、あの細く小さな物で刀と渡り合えたのでしょうか? 見た目では、さほど武器になるような物に思えないのですが、実際にはどのような使われ方をしたのか教えてください。

    2019/11/29 11:38
  • 戸籍の性別変更にまつわる条文は人権問題に触れないか

    戸籍の変更にあたって以下の条件がありますよね。 「其の身体について他の性別に係る身体の性器にかかる部分に近似する外観を備えていること」 これが男性から女性への変更において、胸も性器に類するものであり、豊胸手術を想定している文であるなら、それは人権問題に関わることではないかと思えたのです。 人は生まれたら(もしくは生まれる前に)性器の違いで男女を判別されますよね。 (性染色体の検査まではいちいちされない。) それでそのとき性器として女性のものを持っていたら女性と判断されるでしょう。 そういう人の中には思春期を経ても胸が発達しない人もいるでしょう。 しかしそういう人も、誰がなんと言おうと女性であるはずです。 それは出生して戸籍を作るまでの性器の観察の時点、性器の有り様と性染色体の実態が一致していることを絶対的な前提(同値といってもよい)としているからで、成長してからの胸の発達具合などは一切戸籍上の性別の決定に加味されないからです。 ここでそう定義しているわけですから、その後身体がどんなふうに変容していってもしなくても「あんたは女性として不備がある」ととやかくいわれる筋合いはないはずなのです。 上の条文は、身体的に男性である者が女性を名乗るにあたって何を差し引きすれば良いかという視点から見た「女性らしさ」について国の考えとみることができます。 その中に豊胸しなければならないとあっては、天然で胸のない女性は「女性として不備がある」極言すれば「そんな女性は奇形である」ということを国が主張してしまっているようなものなのではないかと思いました。 たとえば男女に関わらず思春期に達しても陰部に毛が生えないいわゆる無毛症は奇形の一種とされていますが、胸がないことについては、このような奇形を裏付ける医学的等の見地は存在しません。 個人が個人に男性らしさ女性らしさを言うのははっきり言って良心の自由以上のものでないのですが、国という存在が裏付けもない「その性らしさ」を表明してしまっているような条文の存在はジェンダー論やフェミニズム話題にも一般の関心が高まっているご時世にあって尋常ならざる人権問題ではないのでしょうか?

    2019/11/29 11:15
  • 16AhのバッテリーはmAなのか

    16AhはmAに変換するとどれくらいの量になるんですか?

    2019/11/29 10:35
  • れば則ち(即ち)

    “すなわち”を文字表示する漢字には、“則ち”と“即ち”があります。 〖両人対酌すれば山花開く(両人が対酌している、山花が開く)〗を 〖両人対酌すればすなわち山花開く〗と書きたい場合の“すなわち”には、“則ち”と“即ち”のどちらが適当でしょうか? つまり“イコール”や”だから・・・”ではない“すなわち”にはどちらの感じが妥当でしょうか? 山中與幽人對酌 (李白七言絶句) 兩人對酌山花開 一杯一杯復一杯 我醉欲眠卿且去 明朝有意抱琴來 山中幽人と対酌す 両人対酌すれば山花開く (両人が対酌している、山花が開く)

    2019/11/29 09:34
  • 歴史学者の本郷和人と呉座勇一

    この二人は何をもめてるのですか?教えてください。

    2019/11/29 03:22
  • 単為生殖について

    「単為生殖で知られているのは、卵であって、精子が単為生殖で新個体になることは知られていない。この理由を説明せよ。」 この問題の答えが知りたいです。 お願いします。

    2019/11/29 02:04
  • 英語の文章を和訳して下さい。

    The Germans were prevented from advancing further by Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI)'s counter-attacks and a night move by the 10th Brigade. The PPCLI held the line at a steep cost; their 700-man force was reduced to 150, who were in no shape to fight. After this, their unofficial motto—"Holding up the whole damn line"—is still used today. Battle of Bellewaarde (24–25 May) On 24 May the Germans released a gas attack that hit Shell Trap Farm and to the area around the north west, which was affected the most by the attack. A report of the event by Captain Thomas Leahy, of the 2nd Royal Dublin Fusiliers, shows that their C.O. Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Loveband suspected a gas attack and had warned all company officers. Later the Germans threw up red lights over their trench, which would signal a gas release. We had only just time to get our respirators on before the gas was over us. — Captain Thomas Leahy German forces managed to advance and occupy the British line to north and left of the Battalion. The Battalion was now under heavy fire from the German forces. But with shellfire and the aid from the 9th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders they managed to hold their trenches to the end. Germans advancing under cover of enfilade fire, in small parties, finally occupied Battalion line by 2.30pm. Shelling ceased but rifle and M.G. fire remained accurate and constant, whenever a target presented itself, until dusk. — The War Diary By the end of the battle the Ypres salient was compressed, with Ypres closer to the line. The city, bombarded by artillery fire, was demolished. Although poison gas had been used on the Eastern Front, it surprised the Allies and about 7,000 gas casualties were transported in field ambulances and treated in casualty clearing stations. In May and June, 350 British deaths were recorded from gas poisoning. Both sides developed gas weapons and counter-measures, which changed the nature of gas warfare; the French and British used gas at the Battle of Loos in late September. Gas protection was somewhat improved with the issue of improvised respirators made from cotton waste pads impregnated with sodium hyposulphite, sodium bicarbonate and glycerin. The respirators made little difference, however, due to lack of training and the use of local contraptions and poorly made items imported from Britain. The "P helmet" (or "Tube Helmet") soaked in sodium phenate was issued by December 1915, and the PH helmet (effective against phosgene) was issued in early 1916.

    2019/11/28 23:04
  • ピアノコードの楽譜がわからない。

    ピアノをコードを使って演奏しようと思っていますが、コード付きの楽譜を見ると意味がわかりません。 ピアノのコード付きの楽譜が無料で見れるサイトで楽譜を見ると音符の上にコードが書いてあって音名は同じですが、マニュアルとは違い片手で弾ける形ではなく両手で弾く形だったり。 又は8部給付があるのにその上にコードが書いてあったり。 コードは右手で弾くと書いてあるのに右手の単音しか書いてなくて左手の音符も書いてなかったりします。 正直さっぱりわかりません。どなたか教えてください。

    2019/11/28 23:03
  • 英語の文を訳して下さい。

    After the first German chlorine-gas attacks, Allied troops were supplied with masks of cotton pads soaked in urine; it had been discovered that the ammonia in the pad neutralised the chlorine. The pads were held over the face until the gas dispersed. Other soldiers preferred to use a handkerchief, sock or flannel body-belt, dampened with a sodium-bicarbonate solution and tied across the mouth and nose, until the gas passed. Soldiers found it difficult to fight like this, and attempts were made to develop a better means of protection against gas attacks. By July 1915, soldiers received efficient gas masks and anti-asphyxiation respirators. Private W. Hay of the Royal Scots arrived in Ypres just after the chlorine-gas attack on 22 April 1915: We knew there was something was wrong. We started to march towards Ypres but we couldn't get past on the road with refugees coming down the road. We went along the railway line to Ypres and there were people, civilians and soldiers, lying along the roadside in a terrible state. We heard them say it was gas. We didn't know what the Hell gas was. When we got to Ypres we found a lot of Canadians lying there dead from gas the day before, poor devils, and it was quite a horrible sight for us young men. I was only twenty so it was quite traumatic and I've never forgotten nor ever will forget it. — Private W. Hay of the Royal Scots The French soldiers were naturally taken by surprise. Some got away in time, but many, alas! not understanding the new danger, were not so fortunate, and were overcome by the fumes and died poisoned. Among those who escaped nearly all cough and spit blood, the chlorine-attacking the mucous membrane. The dead were turned black at once. About 15 minutes after letting the gas escape the Germans got out of their trenches. Some of them were sent on in advance, with masks over their heads, to ascertain if the air had become breathable. Having discovered that they could advance, they arrived in large numbers in the area on which the gas had spread itself some minutes before, and took possession of the arms of the dead men. They made no prisoners. Whenever they saw a soldier whom the fumes had not quite killed they snatched away his rifle and advised him to lie down "to die better." — The Daily Chronicle (26 April 1915) Battle of Frezenberg (8–13 May) The Germans moved field artillery forward, placing three army corps opposite the 27th and 28th Divisions on the Frezenberg ridge (50.868°N 2.950°E). The German attack began on 8 May with a bombardment of the 83rd Brigade in trenches on the forward slope of the ridge, but the first and second infantry assaults were repelled by the survivors. However, the third German assault of the morning pushed the defenders back. Although the neighbouring 80th Brigade repulsed the attack, the 84th Brigade was pushed back; this left a 2-mile (3.2 km) gap in the line.

    2019/11/28 23:02
  • 英文を日本語に訳して下さい。

    The Germans reported that they treated 200 gas casualties, 12 of whom died. The Allies reported 5000 killed and 15,000 wounded. Within days the British were advised by John Scott Haldane to counter the effects of the gas by urinating into a cloth and breathing through it. Both sides set about developing more effective gas masks. Battle of St. Julien (24 April – 5 May) The village of St. Julien (now Sint-Juliaan; 50.890°N 2.937°E) was in the rear of the 1st Canadian Division until the poison-gas attack of 22 April, when it became the front line. Some of the first fighting in the village involved the stand of lance corporal Frederick Fisher of the 13th Battalion CEF's machine-gun detachment; Fisher went out twice with a handful of men and a Colt machine gun, preventing advancing German troops from passing through St. Julien into the rear of the Canadian front line. He was killed the following day. On the morning of 24 April, the Germans released another gas cloud towards the re-formed Canadian line just west of St. Julien. Word was passed to the troops to urinate on their handkerchiefs and place them over their nose and mouth. The countermeasures were insufficient, and German troops took the village. The next day the York and Durham Brigade units of the Northumberland Division counter-attacked, failing to secure their objectives but establishing a new line closer to the village. On 26 April 4, 6 and 7 Battalions, the Northumberland Brigade, the first Territorial brigade to go into action, attacked and gained a foothold in the village but were forced back, having suffered 1,954 casualties. Despite hundreds of casualties, the 2nd Royal Dublin Fusiliers participated without respite in the battles at Frezenberg and Bellewaarde. On 24 April the battalion, subjected to a German gas attack near St. Julien, was nearly annihilated. The German Army first used chlorine-gas cylinders in April 1915 against the French Army at Ypres,[b] when yellow-green clouds drifted towards the Allied trenches. The gas had a distinctive odour, resembling pineapple and pepper. The French officers, assuming at first that the German infantry were advancing behind a smoke screen, alerted the troops. When the gas reached the front Allied trenches, soldiers began to complain of chest pains and a burning sensation in the throat. Capt. Francis Scrimger of the 2nd Canadian Field Ambulance may have passed the order to use urine to counteract the gas, on the advice of Lt.-Col. George Gallie Nasmith. Soldiers realised they were being gassed and many ran as fast as they could. An hour after the attack began, there was a 1,500 yards (1,400 m) gap in the Allied line. Fearing the chlorine, few German soldiers moved forward and the delay enabled Canadian and British troops to retake the position before the Germans could exploit the gap.

    2019/11/28 23:00
  • 次の文を日本語翻訳して下さい。

    At the Battle of Kitcheners' Wood, the 10th Battalion of the 2nd Canadian Brigade was ordered to counter-attack in the gap created by the gas attack. They formed up after 11:00 a.m. on 22 April, with the 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish) of the 3rd Brigade arriving to support the advance. Both battalions attacked with over 800 men, in waves of two companies each, at 11:46 a.m. Without reconnaissance, the battalions ran into obstacles halfway to their objective. Engaged by small-arms fire from the wood, they began an impromptu bayonet charge. The attack cleared the former oak plantation of Germans at a 75-percent casualty rate. The British press were confused by the attack: The Germans set fire to a chemical product of sulphur chloride which they had placed in front of their own trenches, causing a thick yellow cloud to be blown towards the trenches of the French and Belgians. The cloud of smoke advanced like a yellow low wall, overcoming all those who breathed in poisonous fumes. The French were unable to see what they were doing or what was happening. The Germans then charged, driving the bewildered French back past their own trenches. Those who were enveloped by the fumes were not able to see each other half a yard apart. I have seen some of the wounded who were overcome by the sulphur fumes, and they were progressing favourably. The effect of the sulphur appears to be only temporary. The after-effects seem to be a bad swelling of the eyes, but the sight is not damaged. — The Daily Mail (26 April 1915) Dusk was falling when from the German trenches in front of the French line rose that strange green cloud of death. The light north-easterly breeze wafted it toward them, and in a moment death had them by the throat. One cannot blame them that they broke and fled. In the gathering dark of that awful night they fought with the terror, running blindly in the gas-cloud, and dropping with breasts heaving in agony and the slow poison of suffocation mantling their dark faces. Hundreds of them fell and died; others lay helpless, froth upon their agonized lips and their racked bodies powerfully sick, with tearing nausea at short intervals. They too would die later – a slow and lingering death of agony unspeakable. The whole air was tainted with the acrid smell of chlorine that caught at the back of men's throats and filled their mouths with its metallic taste. — Captain Alfred Oliver Pollard, The Memoirs of a VC (1932)

    2019/11/28 22:57
  • 英文を和訳して下さい。

    In A record of the Engagements of the British Armies in France and Flanders, 1914–1918 (1923 [1990]) E. A. James used The Official Names of the Battles and Other Engagements Fought by the Military Forces of the British Empire during the Great War, 1914–1919, and the Third Afghan War, 1919: Report of the Battles Nomenclature Committee as approved by the Army Council (1921) to provide a summary of each engagement and the formations involved. In The Battles of Ypres, 1915 six engagements involving the Second Army were recorded, four during the Second Battle (22 April–25 May). Battle of Gravenstafel: Thursday 22 April – Friday 23 April Battle of St. Julien: Saturday 24 April – 4 May Battle of Frezenberg: 8–13 May Battle of Bellewaarde: 24–25 May Battle of Gravenstafel Ridge (22–23 April 1915) On 22 April 1915 at about 5:00 p.m., the 4th Army released 168 long tons (171 t) of chlorine gas on a 6.5 km (4.0 mi) front between the hamlets of Langemark (50°55′N 02°55′E) and Gravenstafel (50.891°N 2.979°E) on the Allied line held by French Territorial and Troupes coloniales (Moroccan and Algerian troops) of the French 45th and 87th divisions. The French troops in the path of the gas cloud suffered 2–3,000 casualties, with 800 to 1,400 fatalities. Troops fled in all directions, ...haggard, their overcoats thrown off or opened wide, their scarves pulled off, running like madmen, directionless, shouting for water, spitting blood, some even rolling on the ground making desperate efforts to breathe. — Colonel Henri Mordacq, 90th Infantry Brigade A 4 mi (6 km) gap in the French front was left undefended. German infantry followed well behind the cloud, breathing through cotton pads soaked with sodium thiosulfate solution and occupied the villages of Langemark and Pilken, where they dug in, even though they might have occupied Ypres almost unopposed. They had taken 2,000 prisoners and 51 guns. Canadian troops defending the southern flank of the break-in identified chlorine because it smelled like their drinking water. The Germans released more chlorine gas at them the following day. Casualties were especially heavy for the 13th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), which was enveloped on three sides and had over-extended its left flank after the Algerian Division broke.

    2019/11/28 22:56
  • 日本語訳をお願いいたします。

    Second Battle of Ypres During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from 22 April – 25 May 1915 for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium. The First Battle of Ypres had been fought the previous autumn. The Second Battle of Ypres was the first mass use by Germany of poison gas on the Western Front. It also marked the first time a former colonial force (the 1st Canadian Division) defeated a European power (the German Empire) in Europe (at the Battle of St. Julien and Battle of Kitcheners' Wood). The eminent German chemist Walther Nernst, who was in the army in 1914 as a volunteer driver, saw how trenches produced deadlock. He proposed to Colonel Max Bauer, the German general staff officer responsible for liaison with scientists, that they could empty the opposing trenches by a surprise attack with tear gas. Observing a field test of this idea, the chemist Fritz Haber instead proposed using heavier than air chlorine gas (originally preferring the use of the more deadly phosgene gas, though little was stockpiled for such a use). The German commander Erich von Falkenhayn agreed to try the new weapon, but intended to use it in a diversionary attack by his 4th Army. The gas would be released by siphoning liquid chlorine out of cylinders; the gas could not be released directly because the valves would freeze; wind would carry the gas to the enemy lines. 5,730 gas cylinders, the larger weighing 90 pounds (41 kg) each, were manhandled into the front line. Installation was supervised by Haber and the other future Nobel prize winners Otto Hahn, James Franck and Gustav Hertz. Twice cylinders were breached by shell fire, the second time three men were killed and fifty wounded. Some of the Germans were protected by miner's oxygen breathing apparatus. The Ypres salient was the selected for the attack. It followed the canal, bulging eastward around the town. North of the salient, the Belgian army held the line of the Yser and the north end of the salient was held by two French divisions. The eastern part of the salient was defended by the Canadian and two British divisions. The II Corps and V Corps of the Second Army comprised the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Cavalry Divisions and the 4th, 27th, 28th, Northumbrian, Lahore and 1st Canadian divisions. Second Battle of Ypres 第二次イーペルの戦い

    2019/11/28 22:54

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